MANAGEMENT OF AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDER (ASD) and COLLABORATIVE TEAMS

Authors

  • Afshan Memom Speech-Language Therapist/ Audiologist, The Talk Clinic, Hyderabad
  • Hafeez Punjwani Senior Lecturer, Ziauddin College of Speech Language and Hearing Sciences, Karachi
  • Zoha Asif Senior Lecturer Ziauddin College of Speech Language and Hearing Sciences Karachi

Abstract

Autism Spectrum disorder (ASD) is a condition related to the development of the brain that can lead to persistent challenges with socialization, restricted interests, and repeated behaviour. Diagnosis for ASD is used as a basis of DSM-5 (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorder) produced by American Psychiatric Association. ASD is observed in children during early years of life and significantly affects an individual’s wellbeing. Autism has remained a mystery for many specialists and researchers  for years. Although the cause of autism is still unknown, a number of strategies have been developed that have helped so many people around the world to live independently. So far there are no authentic facts for ASD prevalence in Pakistan however the statistics is roughly calculated from South Asia that ASD might be as common in Pakistan as somewhere else around the world. In a country like Pakistan where Autism is still a new phenomenon especially in rural areas, we have very restricted qualified human resources to provide a reliable rehabilitation service for a child with ASD and their family. Apart from that due to inadequate awareness exposure, knowledge, and incompetency in diagnosis, these children go undiagnosed and are mishandled.

Author Biographies

Afshan Memom, Speech-Language Therapist/ Audiologist, The Talk Clinic, Hyderabad

 

 

Hafeez Punjwani, Senior Lecturer, Ziauddin College of Speech Language and Hearing Sciences, Karachi

 

 

Zoha Asif , Senior Lecturer Ziauddin College of Speech Language and Hearing Sciences Karachi

 

 

References

Levy SE, Giarelli E, Lee LC, Schieve LA, Kirby RS, Cunniff C, Nicholas J, Reaven J, Rice CE. Autism spectrum disorder and co-occurring developmental, psychiatric, and medical conditions among children in multiple populations of the United States. Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics. 2010 May 1;31(4): pp 267-275.

Montes G, & Halterman J S. Association of childhood autism spectrum disorders and loss of family income. Pediatrics. 2008; 121(4): pp e821-e826.

Furrukh J, Anjum G. Coping with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in Pakistan: A phenomenology of mothers who have children with ASD. Cogent psychology. 2020 Dec 31;7(1): pp 1728108.

Strunk J, Leisen M, Schubert C. Using a multidisciplinary approach with children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder. Journal of Interprofessional Education & Practice. 2017 Sep 1;8: pp 60-68.

Bowman KS, Suarez VD, Weiss MJ. Standards for interprofessional collaboration in the treatment of individuals with autism. Behavior Analysis in Practice. 2021 Dec;14(4): pp 1191-208.

Rilveria JR. Understanding the secondary system of therapeutic alliance in autism interventions from the perspectives of parents and caregivers. International Journal of Child Care and Education Policy. 2022 Jan 10;16(1): pp 1-24.

Beaudry-Bellefeuille I, Pomoni M, Welch A, Moriyon-Iglesias T, Suarez-Gonzalez M, Ramos-Polo E. Multidisciplinary approach to assessment and intervention of feeding problems in children with autism spectrum disorders: a clinical perspective. Irish Journal of Occupational Therapy. 2021 Sep 3;49(2): pp 77-83.

Imran N, Azeem MW. Autism spectrum disorders: perspective from Pakistan. Comprehensive Guide to Autism. New York: Springer. 2014: pp 2483-96.

Migowa A, Bernatsky S, Ngugi A, Foster HE, Muriuki P, Lusambili A, Luchters S. An iceberg I can’t handle: a qualitative inquiry on perceptions towards paediatric rheumatology among healthcare workers in Kenya. Pediatric Rheumatology. 2023 Jan 21;21(1):6.

Santos PD, Bordini D, Scattolin M, Asevedo GR, Caetano SC, Paula CS, Perissinoto J, Tamanaha AC. The Impact of the Implementation of the Picture Exchange Communication System–PECS on Understanding Instructions in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders. InCoDAS. 2021 May 5; 33. Sociedade Brasileira de Fonoaudiologia. https:// doi.org/ 10.1590/ 2317-1782/ 20202020041.

Downloads

Published

2023-07-06

How to Cite

Memom, A. ., Punjwani, H., & Asif , Z. . (2023). MANAGEMENT OF AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDER (ASD) and COLLABORATIVE TEAMS. Pakistan Journal of Rehabilitation, 12(2), 3–4. Retrieved from http://ojs.zu.edu.pk/ojs/index.php/pjr/article/view/1902

Most read articles by the same author(s)

Obs.: This plugin requires at least one statistics/report plugin to be enabled. If your statistics plugins provide more than one metric then please also select a main metric on the admin's site settings page and/or on the journal manager's settings pages.