IMPACT OF LEISURE ACTIVITIES ON WELL-BEING IN COVID-19 PANDEMIC SITUATION, A CROSS SECTIONAL SURVEY

Authors

  • Shahzaib Hassan Syed Undergraduate, University Institute of Physical Therapy, The University of Lahore, Gujrat Campus
  • Maheen Mir Undergraduate, University Institute of Physical Therapy, The University of Lahore, Gujrat campus

Keywords:

Covid-19, exercise, leisure activities, sedentary behavior, physical fitness, cardiorespiratory fitness, quarantine

Abstract

Aims Of Study: During COVID-19 people were forced to stay home and this increased the risk of limiting their PA and adaptation of sedentary behaviour hence our objective is to measure the impact of leisure activities on well-being during COVID-19.

Methodology: 366 participants were selected, using Non-probability convenient sampling from UOL and PGC. PA and well-being were assessed using IPAQ-short form and WHO-5 well-being questionnaire.

Results: IPAQ-short form with well-being Pearson Chi square was 638.012, Spearman correlation was 0.956 and p-value Asymptotic significance (2 sided) was .000 which means there is positive strong correlation between variables.

Limitations and Future Implication: Adults having ages 18-40yrs volunteered due to short time period and since our study limited to only 2 settings so to generalize our outcomes for mass population was not feasible. During lockdown gaining past medical history in data collection was impacted, it is suggested to include the role of Physiotherapist in improving health status by PA, create awareness among common population about role of PA and their relation with well-being also including diversity in age groups, ethnicity and localities is suggested.

Originality: Strong positive correlation between PA and well-being.

Conclusion: This study shows that during Covid-19 pandemic, those individuals who remained physically active had good impact on their health. Being physically active not only improves an individual’s physical fitness level but also helps to cope with psychological problems degrading one’s mental health so our study found out direct relation between physical activity levels and health status.

References

Meiring RM, Gusso S, McCullough E, Bradnam LJIJoER, Health P. The effect of the COVID-19 pandemic movement restrictions on self-reported physical activity and health in New Zealand: A cross-sectional survey. 2021; 18(4): pp 1719.

Ginoux C, Isoard-Gautheur S, Teran-Escobar C, Forestier C, Chalabaev A, Clavel A, Sarrazin P. Being active during the lockdown: The recovery potential of physical activity for well-being. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021 Feb;18(4): pp 1707.

Al‐Benna SJIWJ. Pathophysiology of coronavirus disease 2019 for wound care professionals. 2020 Dec; 17(6): pp 1935-1940.

Dawson P, Rabold EM, Laws RL, Conners EE, Gharpure R, Yin S, Buono SA, Dasu T, Bhattacharyya S, Westergaard RP, Pray IW. Loss of taste and smell as distinguishing symptoms of coronavirus disease 2019. Clinical Infectious Diseases. 2021 Feb 15;72(4): pp 682-685.

Pan A, Liu L, Wang C, Guo H, Hao X, Wang Q, Huang J, He N, Yu H, Lin X, Wei S. Association of public health interventions with the epidemiology of the COVID-19 outbreak in Wuhan, China. Jama. 2020 May 19;323(19): pp 1915-1923.

Sanche S, Lin YT, Xu C, Romero-Severson E, Hengartner N, Ke R. High contagiousness and rapid spread of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2. Emerging infectious diseases. 2020 Jul;26(7):1470-1477.

Li R, Pei S, Chen B, Song Y, Zhang T, Yang W, Shaman J. Substantial undocumented infection facilitates the rapid dissemination of novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2). Science. 2020 May 1; 368(6490): pp 489-493.

Castrogiovanni P, Di Rosa M, Ravalli S, Castorina A, Guglielmino C, Imbesi R, Vecchio M, Drago F, Szychlinska MA, Musumeci G. Moderate physical activity as a prevention method for knee osteoarthritis and the role of synoviocytes as biological key. International journal of molecular sciences. 2019 Jan 25;20(3): pp 511.

Mahajan K, Chandra KS. Cardiovascular comorbidities and complications associated with coronavirus disease 2019. medical journal armed forces india. 2020 Jul 1;76(3): pp 253-260. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mjafi.2020.05.004

Li Q, Guan X, Wu P, Wang X, Zhou L, Tong Y, Ren R, Leung KS, Lau EH, Wong JY, Xing X. Early transmission dynamics in Wuhan, China, of novel coronavirus–infected pneumonia. New England journal of medicine. 2020 Jan 29.

Khidri FF, Riaz H, Bhatti U, Shahani KA, Kamran Ali F, Effendi S, Rani K, Chohan MN. Physical activity, dietary habits and factors associated with depression among medical students of Sindh, Pakistan, during the COVID-19 pandemic. Psychology Research and Behavior Management. 2022 May 25: pp 1311-1323.

Ullah I, Islam MS, Ali S, Jamil H, Tahir MJ, Arsh A, Shah J, Islam SM. Insufficient physical activity and sedentary behaviors among medical students during the COVID-19 lockdown: findings from a cross-sectional study in Pakistan. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021 Sep 29;18(19): pp 10257.

Gallè F, Sabella EA, Ferracuti S, De Giglio O, Caggiano G, Protano C, Valeriani F, Parisi EA, Valerio G, Liguori G, Montagna MT. Sedentary behaviors and physical activity of Italian undergraduate students during lockdown at the time of COVID− 19 pandemic. International journal of environmental research and public health. 2020 Sep;17(17): pp 6171.

Lesser IA, Nienhuis CP. The impact of COVID-19 on physical activity behavior and well-being of Canadians. International journal of environmental research and public health. 2020 Jun;17(11): pp 3899.

Narici M, De Vito G, Franchi M, et al. Impact of sedentarism due to the COVID-19 home confinement on neuromuscular, cardiovascular and metabolic health: Physiological and pathophysiological implications and recommendations for physical and nutritional countermeasures. 2021; 21(4): pp 614-635.

Maugeri G, Musumeci G. Adapted physical activity to ensure the physical and psychological well-being of COVID-19 patients. Journal of Functional Morphology and Kinesiology. 2021 Jan 29;6(1): pp 13.

Font R, Irurtia A, Gutierrez J, Salas S, Vila E, Carmona GJBoS. The effects of COVID-19 lockdown on jumping performance and aerobic capacity in elite handball players. 2021; 38(4): pp 753-759.

Edwards TC, Guest B, Garner A, Logishetty K, Liddle AD, Cobb JP. The metabolic equivalent of task score: a useful metric for comparing high-functioning hip arthroplasty patients. Bone & Joint Research. 2022 May 18;11(5): pp 317-326.

Kim YJ, Cho JH, Park YJ. Leisure sports participants’ engagement in preventive health behaviors and their experience of constraints on performing leisure activities during the COVID-19 pandemic. Frontiers in Psychology. 2020 Dec 9;11:589708.

Kim Y-J, Cho J-H, Park Y-JJFiP. Leisure Sports Participants’ Engagement in Preventive Health Behaviors and Their Experience of Constraints on Performing Leisure Activities During the COVID-19 Pandemic. 2020 Dec 9; 11: pp 589708.

Chouchou F, Augustini M, Caderby T, Caron N, Turpin NA, Dalleau GJSm. The importance of sleep and physical activity on well-being during COVID-19 lockdown: reunion island as a case study. 2021; 77: pp 297-301.

Zhou J, Xie X, Guo B, Pei R, Pei X, Yang S, Jia P. Impact of COVID-19 lockdown on physical activity among the Chinese youths: the COVID-19 impact on lifestyle change survey (COINLICS). Frontiers in public health. 2021 Feb 4; 9: pp 592795.

Bourdas DI, Zacharakis ED. Impact of COVID-19 lockdown on physical activity in a sample of Greek adults. Sports. 2020 Oct 21;8(10): pp 139.

Srivastav AK, Sharma N, Samuel AJ. Impact of Coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19) lockdown on physical activity and energy expenditure among physiotherapy professionals and students using web-based open E-survey sent through WhatsApp, Facebook and Instagram messengers. Clinical epidemiology and global health. 2021 Jan 1;9: pp 78-84.

Meh K, Jurak G, Sorić M, Rocha P, Sember V. Validity and reliability of IPAQ-SF and GPAQ for assessing sedentary behaviour in adults in the European Union: a systematic review and meta-analysis. International journal of environmental research and public health. 2021 Apr 26;18(9): pp 4602.

Ginoux C, Isoard-Gautheur S, Teran-Escobar C, Forestier C, Chalabaev A, Clavel A, Sarrazin P. Being active during the lockdown: The recovery potential of physical activity for well-being. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021 Feb;18(4): pp 1707.

Wood CJ, Barton J, Smyth N. A cross-sectional study of physical activity behaviour and associations with wellbeing during the UK coronavirus lockdown. Journal of Health Psychology. 2022 May;27(6): pp 1432-1444.

Frontini R, Rebelo-Gonçalves R, Amaro N, Salvador R, Matos R, Morouço P, Antunes R. The relationship between anxiety levels, sleep, and physical activity during COVID-19 lockdown: An exploratory study. Frontiers in Psychology. 2021; 12: pp 786.

Füzéki E, Schröder J, Reer R, Groneberg DA, Banzer WJS. Physical Activity and Well-Being during the Second COVID19-Related Lockdown in Germany in 2021. 2021 Jan; 13(21): pp 12172.

Downloads

Published

2023-07-04

How to Cite

Syed, S. H. ., & Mir, M. (2023). IMPACT OF LEISURE ACTIVITIES ON WELL-BEING IN COVID-19 PANDEMIC SITUATION, A CROSS SECTIONAL SURVEY . Pakistan Journal of Rehabilitation, 12(2), 93–101. Retrieved from http://ojs.zu.edu.pk/ojs/index.php/pjr/article/view/1709

Most read articles by the same author(s)

Obs.: This plugin requires at least one statistics/report plugin to be enabled. If your statistics plugins provide more than one metric then please also select a main metric on the admin's site settings page and/or on the journal manager's settings pages.