• Dr. Amna Shahid Lecturer, Physical Therapy Department, Lahore Medical and Dental College, Lahore, Pakistan.
  • Dr. M Faheem Afzal
  • Dr. Adeela Arif Riphah International University, Lahore
  • Dr. Javed Ali Physical Therapist, Physical Therapy Department, Mobility Quest Center, Lahore, Pakistan.


Hemiplegia, Q angle, Quadriceps Muscle, Spastic Cerebral Palsy, Adolescent, Quadriplegia


BACKGROUND AND AIM: Hemiplegic cerebral palsy children presented with wide variations of lower limb kinematics. The normal limb in children with spastic hemiplegic cerebral palsy shows variations in Q angle. So, this study aimed to determine the different values of Q angle from both legs among hemiplegic cerebral palsy children having age between the 7 to 12 years.
METHODOLOGY: An observational cross-sectional study was conducted by using non-probability convenience sampling technique. 71 diagnosed cases with unilateral cerebral palsy in Mobility Quest clinic Lahore and Children Hospital Lahore were enrolled in the study during the duration of six months from September 2019 to March 2020. The consent was taken from those subjects who fulfill the inclusion criteria (n=71) and assessed by the Goniometer that is used to measure the Q angle in hemiplegic Cerebral palsy. Data entry and analysis was done by using SPSS version 25. Descriptive measures of mean and standard deviation were used to summarize data collection.
RESULTS: The study included 71 children diagnosed with unilateral cerebral palsy. The Mean Q angle for hemiplegic CP children in right leg is 14.65 ± 2.8 (Normal Range: 11.71-16.98) and in left leg it is 15.09 ± 3.4(Normal Range: 11.47 -18.33) but it differs with the distribution pattern of hemiplegia. Out of 71 children 39 kids were experienced with right sided weakness while 32 were with left sided weakness.
CONCLUSION: Mean Q angles are higher in the affected leg as compared with the unaffected leg in hemiplegic CP. Q angle increase with age and more in female subjects as compared to male subjects.


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How to Cite

Shahid, D. A. ., Afzal, D. M. F. ., Arif, D. A. ., & Ali, D. J. . (2022). Q ANGLE VARIATIONS IN PREADOLESCENT CHILDREN WITH HEMIPLEGIC CEREBRAL PALSY. Pakistan Journal of Rehabilitation, 11(2), 22–28. Retrieved from http://ojs.zu.edu.pk/ojs/index.php/pjr/article/view/1521

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