• Sara Aabroo Senior Lecturer, Riphah International University Lahore
  • Sidra Shafique Student, Riphah University Lahore campus
  • Ayesha Javed Student, Riphah University Lahore campus
  • Attiya Fatima Student, Riphah University Lahore campus
  • Omaima Khan Student, Riphah University Lahore campus
  • Shumaila Riaz Student, Riphah University Lahore campus


Post traumatic headache, university, students, headache disorders, TMJ, TMD, CFRT


Background: Cervicogenic headache is not a primary headache and the pain is originated from posterior part of the neck and radiate towards the front of head and ipsilateral eye which can last from few hours to days Due to extreme usage of smart devices there is persistent stress on the cervical spine because of repeated flexed position of head and neck and this position can cause musculoskeletal stress and also contribute to restriction in neck and head movement, lack of sleep quality and lethargy.
Objective: To determine the frequency of cervicogenic headache in students due to usage of smart phone devices.
Methodology: It was a cross- sectional study. In which frequency of the cervicogenic headache was measured due to the high usage of smart devices. Convenient sampling technique was used. Sample size of 200 students was calculated from Rao soft calculator.
Results: Among 200 total participants, out of which 43 were males and 157 were females. 60 participants ranged from the age of 18 to 21 years whereas, 122 ranged from the age of 22 to 25 years and 18 had the age of 26 to 30 years. 21% participants strongly disagreed that use of smart devices is addictive while, 30% strongly agreed to the statement. Cervical flexion rotation test reported that, out of 200 participants, 112 were positive while 88 were negative.
Conclusion: Cervicogenic headache is more common in female university students as compared to male and it is due to the poor posture adopted and excessive use of smart devices.


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How to Cite

Aabroo, S., Shafique, S., Javed, A. ., Fatima, A. ., Khan, O. ., & Riaz, S. . (2022). FREQUENCY OF CERVICOGENIC HEADACHE IN STUDENTS DUE TO USAGE OF SMART DEVICES – CROSS SECTIONAL SURVEY. Pakistan Journal of Rehabilitation, 11(2), 36–41. Retrieved from

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