Frequency of Chronic Kidney Disease in Type 2 Diabetic Patients Presenting with Diabetic Foot Ulcer

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Abstract

Background: Recent evidence states that about a quarter of all diabetic patients will experience an ulcer
on foot at some point in their lifetime and 15-25% of these will require foot amputation. In the present study,
we aimed to evaluate the incidence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM)
patients presenting with Diabetic foot ulcer.
Methods: The present study was carried out at Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Center (JPMC), Sindh from
February-August 2017. Over 100 Type 2 - DM patients, aged between 35-60 years who presented with
diabetic foot ulcer took part in this study. Data was collected and documented in pre-approved pro-forma,
subsequently, entered and analyzed via SPSS version 19. Chi-square was applied to test any significant difference between the categories with a p-value of ≤0.05 considered as significant.
Results: The mean serum creatinine (mg/dl) value was reported to be 1.17 ± 0.45. Frequency of CKD in Type
2 - DM patients presenting with diabetic foot ulcer was 31%. Male gender was affected more from CKD.
Frequency distribution of chronic kidney disease among duration of DM groups 10-15 years = 35.5% and >15
years = 64.5%. The characteristics of HbA1c (g/dl) of study population was 8.34 ± 0.59.
Conclusion: Occurrence of CKD in Type 2 - DM patients presenting with diabetic foot ulcer was much higher
as compared to national and international studies. Therefore, special attention should be given on regular
screening of diabetic patients with a complaint of a foot ulcer.

Published
2020-01-24
Section
Original Article

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