Association of Blood Groups with the Extent and Severity of Coronary Lesions in Patients with Acute Myocardial Infarction


  • Shah et al. National Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases



Background: Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) is a complex interaction of genetic and multifactorial environmental factors. This study was conducted to evaluate the association of blood groups with the severity of coronary artery lesions in patients with acute myocardial infarction undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).

Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted at a tertiary cardiac care center in Karachi, Pakistan. Consecutive adult patients of either gender diagnosed with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergone primary PCI during the study period of November 2020 to February 2021 were included. Based on blood grouping patients were stratified into two groups, non-O and O. comparative analysis of clinical and angiographic findings was performed and Chi-square test was used with p-value ≤ 0.05 was considered statistically significant.

Results: A total of 398 patients were included in this study out of which 296(74.4%) were males (mean age: 57.15±10.95 years) and 102(25.6%) females. Type O blood group distribution was 107(26.9%) and non-O blood groups were 291(73.1%). The non-O blood group included A=110(27.6%), AB=43(10.8%), and B=138(34.7%). Significant results in type O and non-O group were seen among single vessel diseases (41.1%, 29.6%) (p=0.029) and circumflex artery as culprit (16.8%,9.6%) (p=0.046), whereas in post-procedure complication no significant results were found (p=0.554) with in-hospital mortality rate (p=0.642).

Conclusion: Blood group type O was found to be associated with single-vessel coronary artery diseases. However, no association of blood groups was observed with lesion complexity, post-procedure complications and mortality.

Keywords: Ischemic Heart Diseases; Coronary Artery Diseases; Myocardial Infarction; Blood Group.




How to Cite

et al., S. (2023). Association of Blood Groups with the Extent and Severity of Coronary Lesions in Patients with Acute Myocardial Infarction. Pakistan Journal of Medicine and Dentistry, 11(1), 17–24.

Most read articles by the same author(s)

Obs.: This plugin requires at least one statistics/report plugin to be enabled. If your statistics plugins provide more than one metric then please also select a main metric on the admin's site settings page and/or on the journal manager's settings pages.